By John K. Thornton
Precis: A Cultural heritage of the Atlantic international, 1250–1820 explores the concept that powerful hyperlinks exist within the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South the US. John ok. Thornton presents a complete evaluation of the heritage of the Atlantic Basin sooner than 1830 by way of describing political, social and cultural interactions among the continents' population. He strains the backgrounds of the populations on those 3 continental landmasses introduced into touch via ecu navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of numerous Atlantic societies and exhibiting how new methods of consuming, consuming, talking and worshipping built within the newly created Atlantic international. This ebook makes use of shut readings of unique assets to provide new interpretations of its topic.
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Extra info for A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820
Their preindustrial world was united by common rhythms of life and death, bound by the limits of a constricted food supply, beset by diseases that could not be cured. In this world of the sixteenth or eighteenth century, for example, no society had a life expectancy more than about forty years, and many had less. One out of three or four babies did not survive their first year of life, and on the whole, only half of those who were born managed to live long enough to reproduce themselves. This immense human wastage, sometimes made even worse in the harshest labor and social regimes, such as slavery, rack-renting, or heavy taxation, meant that even birthrates far in excess of those today produced relatively little population growth.
63 It was only when the possibilities of economic and commercial exploitation of the great islands were exhausted that the more adventurous sought to find their fortunes on the mainland. Conquest was not always a goal in areas, such as the north coast of South America or the Panama region, where it was possible to deal with local powers through commercial transactions. As with the Portuguese in Africa, it would take royal intervention and favoritism to make the disfavored turn to further expansion.
43 In the following years, as Portuguese caravels reached farther and farther along the coast, they showed that they have learned from the lessons in the Senegambian region by the early knightly adventurers. Not even attempting to raid the coasts, they went immediately to establish diplomatic contacts with the political authorities they met, inviting them to send ambassadors to Lisbon and encouraging them to have their younger relatives educated in Portugal with the hope that this might spread Christianity and create alliances.
A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820 by John K. Thornton