By Rudiger Wink
This booklet provides an outline of contemporary coverage results within the box of academia-business hyperlinks in numerous ecu international locations. It covers a large variety of methods, from new public investment tools to reforms of highbrow estate rights and neighborhood community rules. a different concentration is wear useful coverage implications and discussions approximately reform.
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Additional resources for Academia-Business Links: European Policy Strategies and Lessons Learnt (Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society)
Spin-offs that stay in the region may benefit from linkages to and cooperation with their incubator. At the same time, they may build up links to other regional firms and thus contribute to spillovers of new knowledge into the regional economy. Silicon Valley or the Greater Boston Area are presumably the most prominent examples of such type of regional knowledge transfer through public research spin-offs (Bania et al. 1993; Saxenian 1994). But is this typical for an economy as a whole? Do public research spinoffs really stay close to their incubators, or do they leave the region?
But spin-offs are also more likely to leave their incubator’s region if the local level of income is high, but moving distance tends to be less than 50 km. This variable may grasp the effect that spin-offs avoid high land and living costs in agglomeration centres and move to suburban regions. Localization economies play no major role in explaining a spin-off’s decision to leave or stay. While a high level of start-up activity in the spin-off’s sector is an incentive to stay, the R&D intensity of the local business sector does not attract spin-offs.
The demand by firms, which might be expected to be a force that pulls a spin-off away from its home institution, is insignificant, too. Determinants of start-up location: are public research spin-offs different? The main concern of this section is to examine which factors affect the regional distribution of start-ups in research and knowledge-intensive 40 Are Research Spin-offs a Local Phenomenon? branches of manufacturing and services. We attempt to explain the number of such start-ups in German districts (Kreise) by looking at district-specific variables.
Academia-Business Links: European Policy Strategies and Lessons Learnt (Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society) by Rudiger Wink