By Paul Gootenberg
Illuminating a hidden and engaging bankruptcy within the historical past of globalization, Paul Gootenberg chronicles the increase of 1 of the main mind-blowing and now unlawful Latin American exports: cocaine. Gootenberg strains cocaine's background from its origins as a clinical commodity within the 19th century to its repression throughout the early 20th century and its dramatic reemergence as a bootleg sturdy after international warfare II. Connecting the tale of the drug's differences is a number of individuals, items, and strategies: Sigmund Freud, Coca-Cola, and Pablo Escobar all make appearances, exemplifying the worldwide affects that experience formed the heritage of cocaine. yet Gootenberg decenters the usual tale to discover the jobs performed by way of hitherto imprecise yet very important Andean actors as well—for instance, the Peruvian pharmacist who built the ideas for refining cocaine on an business scale and the creators of the unique drug-smuggling networks that many years later will be taken over by means of Colombian traffickers. Andean Cocaine proves quintessential to realizing probably the most vexing social dilemmas of the past due twentieth-century Americas: the yank cocaine epidemic of the Eighties and, in its wake, the likely unending U.S. drug conflict within the Andes.
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Extra info for Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug
Coca and cocaine in the longue durée , 1500–1850 Drug historian David T. Courtwright, building on a new wave of scholarship, has recently conceived of European capitalism’s “psychoactive revolution” of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: an intense period of global expansion and lifestyle and consciousness change fueled by the assimilation and consumption of new colonial stimulant drugs such as tobacco, coffee, rum, tea, chocolate, and opium. As other scholars have beautifully illustrated for tobacco and chocolate, native American drug-food novelties of the sixteenth-century Columbian exchange, the acceptance of and desire for such goods was typically mediated by the medical theories of the age — Galenic, humoral, or materia medica.
15 While the Germans admired cocaine and the French and British preferred coca, Americans were attracted to both with a special intensity. In midcentury North America, medical and popular cultures were particularly conducive to what became by the 1880s the country’s “mania” for coca and cocaine. Two historical factors underlay American coca mania. First, Americans were — and remain — the world’s most passionate consumers 27 Imagining Coca, Discovering Cocaine of all kinds of drugs, as cure-alls, mass market concoctions, and mindaltering substances.
It looks at crosscurrents of world culture, science, desire, and demand that elevated cocaine into a coveted medical “good,” in both meanings of the word, and particularly at the vivid Peruvian imaginings of coca and cocaine (including a nationalist cocaine science), which underpinned cocaine’s creation as a national commodity. Chapter 2 focuses on the unstudied emergence of a legal Peruvian cocaine export boom in the era 1885–1905 based on national technologies around the region of Huánuco. This was among underdeveloped Peru’s most dynamic early industrial experiments, imbued with a modernizing vision and discourse.
Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug by Paul Gootenberg